MADURESE FARMER LOCAL WISDOM: UTILIZATION OF RICE STRAW AS ORGANIC MATTER INPUT IN RICE CULTIVATION

Ekawati, Ida, Isdiantoni, Isdiantoni and Purwanto, Zasli (2011) MADURESE FARMER LOCAL WISDOM: UTILIZATION OF RICE STRAW AS ORGANIC MATTER INPUT IN RICE CULTIVATION. International Seminar on Natural Resources, Climate Change and Food Security in Developing Countries. pp. 771-777. ISSN 9786028915939

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Abstract

Agriculture farm in madura island are generally less fartile. One of is indicator is the organis matter content less than one percent. This codition causes the low productivity of paddy, wich in trun affects the level of welfare of farmers. Various efforts have been done by farmers to improve soil fertility, one of them is the retum of rice straw to the soil as organic matter are carried out in “unique” way by farmers in paberasan village in sumenep regency. Seeing this phenomenon, this study aimed to explore the form of local knowlodge of farmers in the utilization of straw as the organic material in rice farming. To achieve these objectives, a case study was conducted to get a detailed process or sequence of events from the emergence of local knowledge that is formed in improving soil fertility. The peculiarity of farmers in the utilization of rice straw is to restore the straw in conjunction with the second weeding (35 days after planting) by immersing the incompletely finished compost of rice straw among rice plants row. Theoretically, this application allowing the synchronization of nutrient mineralisation and plant nutrient demad. based on the farmers’ information, this application can provide three advanteges, namely (1) the cost of immersing rice straw compost can be suppressed because the composting of rice straw is placed in the middle of rice fields and immersing rice straw done at the same time with weeding, (2) weed growth becomes stunted, and (3) improving the soil structure and the production can increase. Keywords: local wisdom, rice straw, organic matter

Item Type: Article
Subjects: 600 – Technology > 630 Agriculture
Divisions: DOSEN > Fakultas Pertanian
Depositing User: Ahmad Luthfi
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2018 03:21
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2019 02:50
URI: http://repository.wiraraja.ac.id/id/eprint/11

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